Ephesus is a very important ancient city which is located in Selçuk province of İzmir. It’s history dates back to BC 6000 to the Neolithic Age. It was added to Unesco Temporary World Heritage List in 1994 and in 2015, it became a world heritage. The important Structures in Ephesus are Artemis Temple (It’s one of the seven wonders of the ancient world), Ephesus Ancient Theatre (It is the biggest open-air theatre of the ancient times), it has a cappacity 24.000 people, Celsius Library (one of the most beautiful structures in Ephesus), Virgin Mary’s House (it’s where Mother Mary is thought to have spent her last years with St. John ). The Basilica of St. John (It’s believed that the evangelist St. John had spent his last years in region around Ephesus.

House of Virgin Mary is a church where Mary Mother of Christ was believed to have spent her last years with St. John (Yuhanna) at Bülbüldağı (Bülbül Mountain) in Selçuk. It’s a pilgrimage for Christians. The Church of the Virgin Mary, visited by the Pope, is considered to be an important place for Christianity. At house of Virgin Mary, Holy Mass is held every day from Monday to Saturday at 5.15pm (November to March) and 6.15pm (April to October). The Sunday Mass is held at 10.30am.

Temple of Artemis is one of the 7 ancient wonders of the world. Also known as the Temple of Diana was a Greek temple dedicated to an ancient, local form of the goddess Artemis. Here there will be good chance to see and take pictures of the church of St. John and the Mosque of İsa Bey. 

St. John is believed to have spent the last years of his life in Ephesus. Writing his version of the Gospel. Emperor Justinion (527- 565 AD) believed that a tomb dating from the 300s was John’s, so he built a great church above it in the 500s.

The Ephesus Museum holds the best of the archeological objects excavated at Ephesus, a few artifacts from Ephesus’s great Temple of Artemis ( the Artemision ) and finds from some of the many other significant ancient Hellenic, Hellenistic and Roman cities in the region.

The Terrace Houses in Ephesus consist of a luxurious residential house, next to Curetes Street and opposite the Temple of Hadrian. Three terraces were established around 200 BC on the stops of the latter Terrace Houses, by using massive stone walls. On the northernmost terrace, a representative dwelling house was already built in the 1st century BC, whereas on the other ones a handicraft quarter developed. In the course of the erection of the Roman Dwelling Units, the Hellenistic constructions were demolished end leveled.

Isa Bey Mosque is one of the most delicate examples of Seljukian architecture, situated below the Basilica of St. John. It was constructed between the years of 1374 and 1375 by the architect Ali B. Mushaimish Dımışklıoğlu, in honor of the Aydinid Isa Bey. The plans for the mosque are based on the Gret Mosque of Damascus.

Şirince prospored when Ephesus was abandoned in the 15th century but most of what  one sees today dates from the 19th century. Greeks lived in Şirince Village until the population Exchange in 1924, thus it is also known as Şirince Greek Village, even Turks live here now. The Greeks loved Şirince Village very much, which they named the village meaning ugly because they did not want anyone to discover this village. After the exchange in 1924, the Governor of İzmir changed this beautiful village to Şirince.